Cholera outbreak in Lagos kills six

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Cholera Outbreak in Lagos. Photo source: choleraalliance.org
Cholera Outbreak in Lagos. Photo source: choleraalliance.org

Lagos State Government says it has recorded six deaths from cholera outbreak out of 45 cases in some communities in Isolo Local Council Development Area (LCDA).

Dr Jide Idris, the State Commissioner for Health, who made the disclosure on Thursday at a news conference in Lagos, however, was not specific about the timing of the incident.

Idris said that state government was already taking appropriate measures and had contained the outbreak.

According to him, the ministry was notified of an upsurge of diarhoea diseases in some communities in Isolo LCDA.

“Following this, 45 cases were line-listed by the Epidemiology Unit of the ministry.

“Six deaths were recorded among the 45 cases.

“Majority of the cases did not present with the classical rice-water stool, rather they presented with atypical diarrhoea and vomiting.

“Ano-rectal swabs were collected from 15 cases and taken to the Central Public Health Laboratory, Yaba.

“Initially, there were no growths; however, continuous culture yielded Vibro cholerae from seven out of the 15 samples,’’ he said.

The commissioner said that the “Vibrio cholera was later confirmed to be Ogawa strain’’.

He said, “The main suspected source of infection is the salad called `Abacha’, a staple food of the residents of Isolo LCDA and adjourning LGAs/LCDAs.

“Some domestic wells within the communities are also suspected.

“Samples of the `Abacha salad’ and well water were collected and sent to the Lagos State Drug Quality Control Laboratory for analysis.

“The report of the analysis revealed the presence of Vibrio cholerae, Salmonella species and E.coli in `Abacha’ and one of the two well water samples.’’

NAN reports that Cholera “is an acute diarrhoea disease with or without vomiting caused by a bacteria referred to as Vibro cholerae, and it is transmitted through ingestion of food or water contaminated with infective faeces.

“Food or water contamination is usually due to poor sanitation and the source of contamination is usually other cholera cases when their infective watery stool gets into food or drinking water supplies.

“Prevention of cholera can be achieved through basic water sanitation, such as boiling water of unclean sources. Cholera can kill within hours if left untreated.’’

The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines Cholera as an acute diarrhoeal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium ‘Vibrio cholerae’.

According to the WHO, researchers have estimated that every year, there are roughly 1.4 to 4.3 million cases, and 28 000 to 142 000 deaths per year Worldwide due to the disease.

the virus has a very short period of incubation of between two hours to five days which makes any cholera outbreak potentially explosive.

Some of the known symptoms of bacterial disease according to the World body ia watery diarrhea but it adds that many of those who are infected do not show any symptoms even though the virus is present in their feces of those affected.

The bacteria is easily transmitted through contamination of water or food.

more details coming shortly……….


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