The Sixth Conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa (CCDA–VI) took- off in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, with delegates across the world attending.
The three days meeting aims to understand the implications of implementing the Paris Agreement, the Deputy Executive Secretary and Chief Economist of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), Dr Abdulla Hamdok, has said.
He said there was an urgent need for African countries to review their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) in order to increase their levels of ambition to ensure meaningful contribution to the implementation of the Paris Agreement.
“This will not be easy, given the complexities of ensuring adequate and reliable data, mainstreaming climate change into national development imperatives, ensuring coherence between climate change goals and the various sectoral goals and objectives, and securing adequate funding for the processes,” he said in his opening remark.
Out of the 61 countries that have ratified the Paris Agreement, 14 are from Africa, accounting for only 1.06 of global emissions.
“Although significantly smaller in size, it is designed to contribute to the development of the continents efforts towards the implementation of the Paris Agreement,” Dr Hamdok said.
According to Africa Review, the Paris Agreement is expected to come into force on November 4, 2016.
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The carbon emission pledges made by countries so far exceed 55 per cent threshold for the reduction goal.
“This signals the commitment by countries for a response to the threat of climate change by keeping the global temperature rise to well below 2 degree Celsius above the pre-industrial levels and to pursue sustainable efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius,” Mr Kapil Kapoor, the African Development Bank (AfDB) Acting Vice-president for Sector Operations, said.
The main theme of the CCDA–VI, organised under the auspices of the Climate for Development in Africa (ClimDev-Africa) programme, is The Paris Agreement on climate change: What next for Africa?
The basis of the Paris Agreement is the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) submitted by all parties in the lead up to COP21as their national contributions to limiting global greenhouse gas emissions.
INDCs became Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) subsequent to COP21.
Reviewing the Paris Agreement allows for the analysis of what was at stake for Africa and what the Agreement offers, prior to COP22 in Marrakesh, Morocco November 7-182016, according to the Africa Climate Policy Centre, the main organisers of the meeting.