Nobel Prize in Physics due

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Noble Prize
Noble Prize                                             Photo: huffingtonpost

The Nobel Prize in Physics is due Tuesday, the second of the annual awards to be announced this week.

The award announcement by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences is due earliest at 11:45 am (0945 GMT).

Last year, Arthur B McDonald and Takaaki Kajita shared the Nobel Prize in Physics for discoveries that subatomic particles known as neutrinos can change identities and have mass.

The Nobel award week opened Monday when Japanese scientist Yoshinori Ohsumi won the medicine prize for discoveries related to autophagy, a cell-recycling system that could be used to help treat neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and cancer.

The recipients of prizes in the fields of chemistry and peace will be announced later this week. The economics and literature awards are due next week.

With the exception of economics, the prizes were endowed by Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel (1833-96), the inventor of dynamite.

This year the prizes are worth 8 million kronor (930,000 dollars).

The awards are presented on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel’s death.

On Monday, Japanese biologist Yoshinori Ohsumi has won the 2016 Nobel Prize in Medicine for the discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy, a fundamental process for degrading and recycling cellular components, the Karolinska Institute.

“Ohsumi’s discoveries led to a new paradigm in our understanding of how the cell recycles its content,” the institute’s Nobel Assembly said in a statement.

“His discoveries opened the path to understanding the fundamental importance of autophagy in many physiological processes, such as in the adaptation to starvation or response to infection,” it added.

Ohsumi was born 1945 in Fukuoka, Japan. Since 2009, he has been a professor at the Tokyo Institute of Technology.

The medicine prize was the first of the annual Nobel Prize awards to be announced.(dpaNAN)




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